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Java Server Faces FAQs

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Q9. How does JSF depict the MVC (a.k.a Model View Controller) model?

The data that is manipulated in form or the other is done by model. The data presented to user in one form or the other is done by view. JSF is connects the view and the model. View can be depicted as shown by:

<h:inputText value="#{}"/>
JSF acts as controller by way of action processing done by the user or triggering of an
event. For ex.
<h:commandbutton value="Login" action="login"/>
, this button event will triggered by the user on Button press, which will invoke the login Bean as stated in the faces-config.xml file. Hence, it could be summarized as below: User Button Click -> form submission to server -> invocation of Bean class -> result thrown by Bean class caught be navigation rule -> navigation rule based on action directs to specific page.

Q10. What does it mean by rendering of page in JSF?

Every JSF page as described has various components made with the help of JSF library. JSF may contain h:form, h:inputText, h:commandButton, etc. Each of these are rendered (translated) to HTML output. This process is called encoding. The encoding procedure also assigns each component with a unique ID assigned by framework. The ID generated is random.

Q11. What is JavaServer Faces?

JavaServer Faces (JSF) is a user interface (UI) framework for Java web applications. It is designed to significantly ease the burden of writing and maintaining applications that run on a Java application server and render their UIs back to a target client. JSF provides ease-ofuse in the following ways:

• Makes it easy to construct a UI from a set of reusable UI components
• Simplifies migration of application data to and from the UI
• Helps manage UI state across server requests
• Provides a simple model for wiring client-generated events to server-side application code
• Allows custom UI components to be easily built and re-used

Most importantly, JSF establishes standards which are designed to be leveraged by tools to provide a developer experience which is accessible to a wide variety of developer types, ranging from corporate developers to systems programmers. A "corporate developer" is characterized as an individual who is proficient in writing procedural code and business logic, but is not necessarily skilled in object-oriented programming. A "systems programmer" understands object-oriented fundamentals, including abstraction and designing for re-use. A corporate developer typically relies on tools for development, while a system programmer may define his or her tool as a text editor for writing code. Therefore, JSF is designed to be tooled, but also exposes the framework and programming model as APIs so that it can be used outside of tools, as is sometimes required by systems programmers.

Q12. How to pass a parameter to the JSF application using the URL string?

if you have the following URL: http://your_server/your_app/product.jsf?id=777, you access the passing parameter id with the following lines of java code:

FacesContext fc = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance();
String id = (String) fc.getExternalContext().getRequestParameterMap().get("id");
From the page, you can access the same parameter using the predefined variable with name param. For example,

<h:outputText value="#{param['id']}" />
Note: You have to call the jsf page directly and using the servlet mapping.